Dec 9, 2023
Improving Web Accessibility and Standards for Better User Experience.

Web Page Standards and Accessibility

Web standards make sites work pretty across a wide range of devices and browsers. They also help to ensure that your site is accessible for all visitors including those with disabilities.

Standards also shorten development and maintenance time, making it easier for a new developer to pick up where another one left off. This can save a lot of money over the long run.

HTML

HTML (HyperText Markup Language) describes how text, images and other content is displayed on web pages. It works alongside technologies such as CSS and JavaScript to create websites.

The main purpose of HTML is to structure information on web pages and make it easy for people to navigate and find what they need. It also provides the basis for hyperlinks, which allow visitors to go directly to a different page or website.

HTML uses a series of tags to identify how the page’s content should be interpreted and rendered by browsers. Each tag consists of an opening tag, a character or other element and a closing tag. Some tags describe entire sections of a web page, while others format individual parts of a page. For example, p> tags define paragraphs and the text that lives within them. They also tell the browser to place spaces between paragraphs for readability. h1> tags represent the most significant headings on a webpage, while h2> through h6> tags designate subheadings.

CSS

CSS is used to add layout and visual effects to web pages that are written in a markup language, like HTML. It is a very important language because it separates the document’s format from its content, making it more flexible and accessible. The styles are defined with key values and the values are cascaded so that a style is applied to all of the elements that use it.

Using CSS is much better than adding font and color information to every tag in the HTML code. If you have 50 p> tags on your site, it would be a pain to change all of the colors on each page by hand! Having the style information in a separate file means you can easily update it across your entire website.

Also, separating the formatting from the content makes it easier for people who use assistive technology to access webpages. For example, if someone finds a red italic heading hard to read, they can apply their own style sheet that will override the default browser styling.

XML

Many computer applications use XML to store data. XML is similar to HTML, but it has more flexibility. Its flexibility enables it to transport data between different applications, web sites, and databases. XML also allows users to customize the way data is presented without changing the underlying data.

XML is an important technology in website development because of the growing amount of data that is being produced and shared online. It is important to understand how it works so that you can take advantage of its benefits.

Unlike HTML, XML separates data from presentation. For example, if you want to display data on your website, the information must be stored in a separate XML file. This separation of data and presentation is necessary because it makes it easier to update the website when the data changes. XML is also essential for business applications such as electronic data interchange (EDI). It allows companies to exchange information electronically with other businesses.

Accessibility

Accessibility is about making websites and their content as easy to perceive, understand, navigate, and use for everyone. This includes users with a range of disabilities, including cognitive and motor impairments, sensory impairments, such as blindness and deafness, and physical impairments, such as limited mobility.

Accessible websites allow users to control a computer with the keyboard alone, and they make content more available to assistive technologies such as screen readers. They also include alternative text for images, which is useful for those with visual impairments and helps search engines find the content on the page.

While most businesses do not have to meet accessibility standards, they should consider their impact on a broad spectrum of users and the potential legal repercussions of failing to meet them. In addition, many companies want to show their commitment to inclusivity and demonstrate that they care about the people who visit their sites. This is a great way to increase brand loyalty and advocacy.

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